Precolumbian Art - South America

South America includes Colombia, Venezuela, Ecuador, Peru, and Argentina

In pre-Columbian Colombia, the principal archaeological cultural phases are Calima, Sinu, Chibcha, Quimbaya, San Agustin, Tairona, Cauca, Nariño, Muisca, Tumaco, and Inca.

In Pre-Columbian Ecuador, the principal archaeological cultural phases include Las Vegas, Valdivia, Machalilla, Cotocollao, Chorrera, Narrio, La Tolita, Guangala, Jamacoaque, Jambeli, Capuli, Bahia, Puruha, Cuasmal, Manteno, Huancavilca, Milagro – Quevedo, Atacames, Canari, and Inca.

In Pre-Columbian Peru, the principal archaeological cultural phases are Chavin, Huari/Wari, Paracas, Vicus, Recuay, Nazca, Salinar, Mochica/Moche, Tiahuanaco/Tiwanaku, Chimu, Ica, Chancay, and Inca.

In pre-Columbian Argentina, the principal archaeological cultural phase is Condorhuasi-Alamito.


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Painted Stone Tablet c. 3800 – 2200 BP

This gray volcanic stone is painted monochrome red in the Antimpampa style. The prominent motifs are anthropomorphous and zoomorphic figures.

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Chancay Crocodilian Vessel

It is a gorgeous Chancay vessel of substantial size. Black-on-white paint patterns throughout the front, back, neck, and looped handles. Solid zigzag nested...

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Chancay Female Cuchimilco

This is a large Chancay Cuchimilco Female Figure.  Hollowed ceramic earthenware. The body and paint are nice and uniform. Dotted triangular shapes with step...

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Inca Axe Blades c. 1400 A.D.

A pair of heavy ornamental bronze circular axe blades with irregular form. Both are cast and hammered on the cutting edge. One has a crescent-shaped blade...

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Inca Bronze Jaguar Tumi

An excellent Inca bronze tumi with complete Jaguar.  This ceremonial knife has a short, thick handle and a rarer oval-shaped Half-moon gilded blade.

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Paracas Wood, Stone and Feather Club

An exceptional Paracas wooden club. One of the hardest items to come by intact from this region with these outstanding features. The wood handle is probably

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Moche Copper Axe “Ai Apaec”

This axe head is an extraordinarily decorated anthropomorphic blade. The artisans fashioned it from copper in the traditional Vicús style.

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Inca Dish with Bird Head Handle

Discover the exquisite beauty of this small Inca dish (Chua) featuring a sparrow’s head handle. This shallow vessel was prevalent in its era, favored by...

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Chancay Jaguar Textile Ornaments

A sizable pair of Textile Ornaments with painted Jaguars from the Chancay culture, Peru. Ca. 900 - 1400 AD. Colorful woven camelid and cotton textiles...

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Chancay Funerary Doll False Head

An outstanding Chancay funerary doll with a false head. It is finely made and unrivaled in size. It is composed of wrapped reeds, sticks, and vegetal fibers...

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Publicized Hauri/Chancay False Head

A nicely carved smaller false mummy mask. Painted overall in red cinnabar or iron oxide. Facial features are in relief. Eyes are incised white with black...

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Impressive Black Chimú Aryballos

An impressive black Chimú aryballos. Attractive and well-defined. Each squarish quadrant has embossed stylistic birds incorporated on the upper half with...

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